Here with comments from Rich Hyerczyk, Chicago Lichens
"This particular lichen (the Cladonia chlorophaea
complex) has at least 3 to 4 species that look
identical morphologically, but chemically they differ.
All have cups. This group is identified, species-wise,
base on the acids they contain, not really on cups
size or anything like that. Lichen acids are best
detected using thin-layer chromatography.
Cladonia grayi has grayanic acid
Cladonia chlorophaea has fumarprotocetraric acid
Cladonia cryptochlorophaea has cryptochlorophaeic acid
And so onÖ
So, I really donít know what species you show, only
that it is a Cladonia. I guess calling it Cladonia
chlorophaea (pixie-cup lichen) is fine too.
2. The gray cracked mass growing with the Cladonia is
a fungus (non-lichenized) and is called Xylobolus
frustulatus (ceramic parchment fungus). Usually found
on the ends of sawed oak logs. "
A MATTER OF TASTE
This scene takes place at the edge of our pond where we put a little chicken scratch down for our Mallards every morning.
It is not unusual to find a frog sitting on the bare spot where we put it. He usually hops away but this time he seems to be wondering why anyone would want to eat this stuff.
For the past few weeks, the ducks have been following us part way back to the house and then they take off and fly back to the pond. One of them is a very good flyer but the other barely gets off the ground.
My first reaction to seeing this was bird poop.
Upon closer examination, it is the true color of the leaves of this VERY white clover.
There a few other similar cases in the general area where these are.
I suspect some sort of fungus but would appreciate it if someone could identify it.
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